As with Phonics First®, in Structures®, we teach several prefixes and suffixes. In Phonics First®, we focus more on reading and spelling with the affixes, but in Structures®, we also focus on the meaning of the affixes. For example, the prefix “sub” is taught in both curriculums. In Structures®, we delve deeper into the meaning of “sub”, which means under.
Think about the following words:
submarine – underwater
subway – underground transportation
substitute – stand-in teacher under the guidance of the main teacher
subtract – pulling a number out from under a larger number
submerge – put under water
Make it Multisensory!
To help students remember that “sub” means under, use the Key Word “submarine.” While students are working on their multisensory activity, play the famous Beatles’ song “Yellow Submarine.”
“We all live in a yellow submarine
Yellow submarine, yellow submarine
We all live in a yellow submarine
Yellow submarine, yellow submarine”
Blue construction paper
Photocopy of a submarine
Wooden craft stick
Tape or glue
To begin, have the students color their submarine yellow and then cut it out. Using tape or glue, attach the craft stick to the back of the submarine as shown.
Next, cut the top of the blue construction paper to look like waves and cut a vertical line in the paper as shown.
Finally, slide the submarine into the construction paper slit. Students can use the wooden craft stick to maneuver the submarine while it remains under water.
Tammi Brandon, M.Ed., CDP
Tammi Brandon is a Master Instructor and Education Consultant with Brainspring Educator Academy.
Bring Brainspring Orton-Gillingham multisensory instruction to your classrooms, transforming struggling K-12 readers into skilled learners through our effective, evidence-based approach.
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